Monday, May 11, 2020

The Gas And Natural Gas - 1615 Words

As Alberta Energy Regulator (2016) stated the irregular reservoirs of oil and natural gas are located underground in different formations. The unconventional reservoirs of oil and natural gas are considered hard to extract as these are in the rocks where it is difficult for oil and gas to travel to surface. In order to extract those reservoirs a technique called fracturing is developed over the years to make use of the hidden natural resources which were considered unfeasible to dig out as explained in Hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic Fracturing is a very recognizable and most commonly used technique in North America to extract natural oil and gas from unconventional reservoirs as Manfreda John (2015) stated. The fracturing started†¦show more content†¦1.0 Fracturing: What is Fracturing? Oil and gas is extracted through the technique by shattering the unusual formation which has oil and gas in it. This technique is called fracturing. The term Hydraulic fracturing is widely used in place of fracturing. The Alberta Energy Regulation (2016) explains that in the fracturing process rocks or other forms of substance underneath the earth are broken down by using pressurized liquids. Other ingredients include sand or other forms of tiny particles which will help keep cracks in the arrangement. These small particles will remain there making the space flow of oil and gas to flow freely from these rocks. As per UKOOG (2013) in fracturing a well is made to access the area where there are the resources of un conventional oil and gas. The well is very similar to what we dig to get the water. The unconventional oil and gas resources are very deep in the earth so the well is made way deeper. The well for the unconventional oil and gas is normally deep. A pipe is then inserted into that well to make the flow of the unconventional oil and gas to the surface. The sides of the pipe are cemented in order to make sure that the natural water is not being contaminated. The holes are made at the horizontal section of the pipe at few places. The holes are made to crack the rocks which contain unconventional oil and

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